Authority is distinguished by three characteristics.
1. Authority is vested in organizational positions, not people. Managers have authority because of the positions they hold and other people in the same positions would have the same authority.
2. Authority is accepted by subordinates. Although authority flow top down through the organization’s hierarchy, subordinates comply because they believe that managers have a legitimate right to issue orders. The acceptance theory of authority argues that a manager has authority only if subordinates choose to accept his or her commands. If subordinates refuse to obey because the order is outside their zone of acceptance, a manager’s authority disappears.
3. Authority flows down the vertical hierarchy. Positions at the top of the hierarchy are vested with more formal authority than are positions at the bottom.
Conferences and gatherings are the essential part of the commercial world. Throughout these kinds of memorable events only one expert planner can easily hold the countless projects included in order to successfully commemorate your functions. More >>
The United States government, at the federal as well as the local/state level is the largest buyer of goods and services across all sectors. Water utilities in the United States are controlled and managed by the local/state governments. More >>
These days, in the cut-throat technological innovation planet, all businesses is demand for technical support services for doing business functions efficiently. More >>
Today the internet has become an all invasive phenomena. Nothing is untouched of it and so is the economic world. Following on the same line, cheap online payday loan has appeared as an easy and fast option to clear up all instant financial requirements. More >>
Even if you are a non-project driven company solely engaged for the satisfaction of your customers, you should learn more from project management specializations. The marketplace is transforming and you should too. More >>
Authority is vested in organizational positions, not people. Managers have authority because of the positions they hold and other people in the same positions would have the same authority. More >>
Managers cannot ordinarily be for or against decentralization or, centralization of authority. They may prefer to delegate authority, or they may like to make all the decisions. More >>
The nature and need of the activity will help in determining a good system of control. Controls in a production department will be different form those used in marketing departments. More >>
In business organization there are also some non -budgetary control devices are as follows: 1. Cost Control 2. Statistical Data 3. Special Reports And Analyses 4. Operational Audit 5. Personal Observation 6. Financial Ratio Analysis 7. PERT And CPM More >>
To plan various activities of each department of the organization. More >>