IMPORTANCE OF MONEY MARKET
If the money market is well developed and broad based in a country, it greatly helps in the economic development of a country. The central bank can use its monetary policy effectively and can bring desired changes in the economy for the industrial and commercial progress in the country. The importance of money market is given, in brief, as under:
(i) Financing Industry: A well developed money market helps the industries to secure short term loans for meeting their working capital requirements. It thus saves a number of industrial units from becoming sick.
(ii) Financing trade: An outward and a well knit money market system play an important role in financing the domestic as well as international trade. The traders can get short term finance from banks by discounting bills of exchange. The acceptance houses and discount market help in financing foreign trade.
(iii) Profitable investment: The money market helps the commercial banks to earn profit by investing their surplus funds in the purchase of. Treasury bills and bills of exchange, these short term credit instruments are not only safe but also highly liquid. The banks can easily convert them into cash at a short notice.
(iv) Self sufficiency of banks: The money market is useful for the commercial banks themselves. If the commercial banks are at any time in need of funds, they can meet their requirements by recalling their old short term loans from the money market.
(v) Effective implementation of monetary policy: The well developed money market helps the central bank in shaping and controlling the flow of money in the country. The central bank mops up excess short term liquidity through the sale of treasury bills and injects liquidity by purchase of treasury bills.
(vi) Encourages economic growth: If the money market is well organized, it safeguards the liquidity and safety of financial asset This encourages the twin functions of economic growth, savings and investments.
(vii) Help to government: The organized money market helps the government of a country to borrow funds through the sale of Treasury bills at low rate of interest The government thus would not go for deficit financing through the printing of notes and issuing of more money which generally leads to rise in an increase in general prices.
(viii) Proper allocation of resources: In the money market, the demand for and supply of loan able funds are brought at equilibrium The savings of the community are converted into investment which leads to pro allocation of resources in the country.
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