(i) Observation, whether of participant or non-participant type, has, it is to be acknowledged, its own advantages. As Robertson has pointed out “Observational studies have the advantage that they come to grips with real life situations and so offer insights that years of experimenting and surveying might overlook”.
(ii) “The great advantage of the observational study is that the research is accomplished by directly observing subject‘s behavior, as opposed to a survey of an analysis of existing sources in which the researcher must rely of others’ observations and reports. Observational techniques are also greatly superior to either the survey or the document study in providing information about non—verbal behavior”
(iii) Observational techniques allow the researcher “to observe the subject in a natural setting, and they provide for the study of the subject over a time rather than at one point, as a survey usually does”. -
(iv) Though there is the danger of an observer getting himself absorbed with the group under study, it has a peculiar strength of its own. As Peter Worsley points out, “the peculiar strength of participant observation demands not complete detachment, but the involvement of the research worker in the lives of the people he is studying.... This gives him a deeper insight into the behavior of the people he is studying”.
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