Production control consists of a well-defined set of procedures that has as its objective the coordination of all of the elements of the productive process men, machine, tools, materials into a smoothly flowing whole, which results in the fabrication of products, with a minimum of interruption, in the fastest possible time and at a lowest obtainable cost.
Production control is unifying human interaction, materials, arid machinery in the manner that products are made in the right amount at a right time.
It ensures the quality, size, standard, color, costs, designs are up to the mark and uniform. Production continues without interruptions and schedules are met.
It ensures the best possible combination of labor, machinery, material, and time. It compels the. management to send the products on the market at a proper schedule. .
The control consist of the following steps:
5. Follow-up and control
Planning is pre-requisite of every business activity including production. When a company manufactures to order or for stock it first divides, the work of production into its component parts. A list is prepared showing the needs of materials, equipment, tools, and processes for each part of work. The list also shows what parts or subparts are to be manufactured with and what to be bought from the market. After this decision is made the stores department is contacted to furnish information on the availability of needed parts. If some are not available a requisition will be sent to the purchase department asking them to purchase and send these parts to the relevant sections.
The production control department, then, contacts engineering and production department to determine the availability of various types of machines and tools necessary for production. In the light of this information, processing and production dates and their duration are fixed.
Routing is establishing a course through which processing will be carried out. It determines sequence of operations and appoints persons to perform them. It requires the following documents.
a. Route sheets: they indicate the sequence of operations.
b. Route charts: they explain the production process.
c. Route file: it explains the route to be taken up, the material moving form the stock through various machines to the assembly lines.
It refers to setting timetables to be followed compelling the production people to complete all processes on scheduled times to ensure timely deliveries. It involves the following schedules:
a. master schedule: it displays the number and type of items to be completed during a fixed or certain period of time.
b. weekly schedules: these are prepared to show weekly completion of parts in each section of the production department.
c. purchase schedules: these are drawn out to maintain a right volume of inventories
d. load ahead schedules: they show the volume of work still to be completed until the next spell starts.
At this stage, work orders are issued to get the production started. Dispatching stage starts immediately after materials and parts are gathered and production plan is issued to the relevant department.
Follow Up & Control
It calls for monitoring the progress of each job on its routes, and if there are any hurdles or problems they are reported to production planners. It ensures that all production processes are undergoing in line with the schedule. In case of a delay the process is rescheduled. Monitoring involves the preparation of schedule performance reports issued by the production control department. In case of rejection of some parts or pieces a scrap report is prepared explaining its reasons.
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