Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth 11(1952)
Area: 10 sq. ml. (26 sq. km)
Population (1999 est.): 10,588; growth rate: 1.34%; birth rate: 21 .9/1000; infant mortality rate: 25.5/1000; density per sq. ml: 1,059
Capital and largest city (1991): Funafuti, 3,839. Monetary unit: Tuvaluan dollar, Auslraian dollar. Languages: Tuvaluan, English. Ethnicity/race: Polynesian 96%. Religion: Church of Tuvalu (Congregalionalist), 97%. Literacy rate: less than50%
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (1995 est.): $7.8 million; per capita income: $800; Real growth rate: 8.7% (1995). Inflation: 3.9% (average 1985—93). Unemployment: na. Arable land: 0%. Agriculture: fish, coconuts. Exports: $165,000 (fob., 1989):copra, Imports: $4.4 million (cit., 1989) food, fuels, machinery, animals, manufactured goods. Major trading partners: Australia, Fiji, New Zealand. Member Commonwealth of Nations
Geography Tuvalu consists of nine small islands scattered over 500,000 square miles of the western Pacific, just south of the equator. The islands include Niulakita, Nukulaelae, Funafuti, Nukufetau, Vaitupu, Nui, Niutao, Nanumap (Nanumanga), and Nanumea.
Government Constitutional democracy.
History Formerly the Ellice Islands, Tuvalu’s first Polynesian settlers were probably Samoans or Tongans. The Ellice Islands became a British protectorate in 1892 and were annexed by Britain in 1915—16 as part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony. The Ellice Islands were separated from the Gilberts in 1975, given home rule, and renamed Tuvalu. Full independence was granted on Sept. 30, 1978, but it remained part of the Commonwealth.
In 1979, the U.S. gave Tuvalu four islands that had been U.S. territory.
In 1997, the government adopted a strong stance on the need to control emissions of greenhouse gases in order to ensure the survival of low-lying island nations.
Article Source: http://www.informationbible.com/article-tuvalu-200028.html
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